Tháng Một 26, 2021

Learn Past Simple Tense English Grammar Course

Hi, everyone.

In this video, I will introduce the past simpleEnglish tense.

This grammar tense can help you explain apast general state, action, or habit.

There's a lot to learn and it's a very importanttense, so keep watching.

In this video, I will talk about the 'be' verbin the past simple tense.

The 'be' verb in the past simple tense can be used to describe a past general state.

We use the 'be' verbs, ‘was’ and ‘were’in this tense.

Take a look at the examples.

‘I was scared.

’ ‘James', or he 'was a teacher.

’ ‘She was sad.

’ ‘My dog was hungry.

’ ‘My dog’ can be ‘it’.

So for ‘I’, ‘he’, ‘she’, ‘it’, we use the past tense 'be' verb, ‘was’.

However, for ‘you’, ‘we’ and ‘they’, we use ‘were’.

‘You were a good student.

’ ‘Your parents, or they were at the park.

’and ‘We were at home for two hours.

’ In this last sentence, you see that the durationis emphasized.

Great job.

Let's move on.

Now I will talk about regular verbs in thepast simple tense.

Take a look at these examples.

‘Liam played a game.

’ Liam is a ‘he’, but really it doesn't matter for regular verbs in the past simple tense.

Because no matter what the subject is, allwe have to do is add ‘d’ or ‘ed’ to the end of the verb.

Here the verb is ‘play’, so I added ‘-ed’.

‘Liam played a game.

’ ‘The car, or it needed gas.

’ The verb here is ‘need’.

For the past simple tense, I added ‘-ed’.

‘We watched a movie.

’ Again, an ‘ed’ at the of ‘watch’.

‘You exercised for an hour.

’ In this case, the verb is ‘exercise’.

I only need to add a ‘d’ to make it thepast tense.

And finally, ‘They usually worked afterschool.

’ The verb is ‘work’.

And I added an ‘ed’to make it in the past tense.

The word ‘usually’ shows that this wasa habit.

Remember, the past simple tense can be usedto show past habits.

Let's move on.

Now, I'll talk about irregular verbs in thepast simple tense.

Remember, for regular verbs, we only add ‘d’or ‘ed’ to make a verb into the past tense.

However, for irregular verbs, we have to changethe verb in a different way.

Let's take a look at some examples.

‘I ate with my friend.

’ The verb here is ‘ate’.

‘ate’ is the past simple tense of ‘eat’.

The next example says, ‘Nara wrote a story.

’ The verb is ‘write’.

And because it's irregular to change it intothe past tense, we change the verb to ‘wrote’.

‘You often came home late.

’ The verb here is ‘come’ and it's beenchanged to ‘came’.

You'll notice that we had the word ‘often’to show a habit.

‘We bought a camera.

’ The verb here is ‘buy’ and it's been changedto ‘bought’ to show the past simple tense.

And finally, ‘My parents sent me money fora year.

’ Here the verb ‘sent’ is the past tenseof ‘send’.

Here we also see ‘for a year’, this showsduration.

Let's move on.

Now I will talk about the negative form forthe 'be' verb in the past simple tense.

Here are some examples.

The first one says, ‘I was not hungry.

’ For the past simple tense, the negative 'be'verb I f the subject is ‘I’, ‘he’, ‘she’or ‘it’, we say ‘was not’.

For example, ‘I was not’ or ‘she wasnot’ or the contraction ‘wasn't’.

‘I wasn't’.

‘She wasn't’.

So let's look again, ‘I was not hungry.

’ ‘She wasn't home today.

’ Now, if the subject is ‘you’, ‘we’or ‘they’, We say ‘were not’ or the contraction ‘weren't’.

‘The children, or they were not quiet.

’ ‘The children were not quiet.

’ And then, ‘The dog', or it was not, or 'wasn'tplayful.

’ Let's move on.

Now, let's talk about how to form the negativein the past simple tense for non-'be' verbs, regular or irregular.

Here are some examples.

‘I did not like him.

’ What we do for non-'be' verbs is simply put‘did not’ after the subject.

And you'll notice that for the verb, we don'tmake any changes.

We keep the base verb.

‘He didn't catch the ball.

’ Again, it's ‘he did not’, but here we used a contraction, ‘He didn't catch the ball.

’ ‘They didn't dance.

’ Again, here's the contraction for ‘did not’.

And you'll notice that for the verb, we didn't change it at all.

Here's an irregular verb, and here's a regularverb, we keep them in the base form.

And finally, ‘We didn't think about that.

’ Again, we simply say ‘did not’ or ‘didn't’.

Let's move on.

Now I will introduce two ways to form questionsfor the past simple tense.

Take a look at the first example.

‘He was angry.

’ In this first sentence, we see the 'be' verb‘was’.

It's quite easy.

All you have to do to turn this into a questionis switch the order the first two words.

‘Was he angry?’ You can answer by saying ‘Yes, he was.

’or ‘No, he wasn't.

’ The next sentence also has a 'be' verb.

‘They were comfortable.

’ So again, switch the first two words.

‘Were they comfortable?’ The answers can be, ‘Yes, they were.

’ or ‘No, they weren't.

’ However, look at the third sentence.

‘Sam lived here.

’ There is no 'be' verb in this sentence.

Instead, we see the action verb ‘lived’.

So what we do is no matter what the subject, we start the question with ‘did’.

‘Did Sam live here?’ You'll notice that the verb no longer is inthe past tense.

We use the base form of the verb.

‘Did Sam live here?’ You can say ‘Yes, he did.

’ or ‘No, he didn't.

’ The last sentence is similar.

‘They won the contest last year.

’ The verb here is ‘won’, that's not a 'be' verb.

So again, we start the question with ‘did’.

And then the subject ‘they’, we use thebase form of the verb and that's ‘win’.

‘Did they win the contest last year?’ You can say, ‘Yes, they did.

’ or ‘No, they didn't.

’ Let's move on.

Now I'll introduce how to create an answerWH questions in the past simple tense.

Take a look at the board.

We have some WH words here.

‘What’‘When’ ‘Where’and ‘Why’ You'll notice that after each WH word comesthe word ‘did’.

‘What did’‘When did’ ‘Where did’and ‘Why did’.

What comes after that the subject and thenthe base form of the verb.

So, let's take a look.

‘What did you do last night?’ ‘What did you do last night?’ I can answer by saying something like, ‘Iwatched a movie.

’ Or ‘I read a book.

’ You'll notice that the answer is in the pastsimple tense.

‘When did you get home last night?’ ‘I got home at 10 p.

m.

’ ‘Where did they eat lunch?’ ‘They ate lunch at home.

’ Again, ‘ate’ is the past tense of ‘eat’.

Answer in the past simple tense.

And finally, ‘Why did the company hire him?’ ‘The company hired him because he's a hardworker.

’ Let's move on.

Wow, we learned a lot in this video.

Keep studying and reviewing the past simpletense.

It's an essential tense that will help youtalk about the past.

Keep studying English and I'll see you inthe next video.

Bye.

.

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